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In 1991, the Dartmoor National Park Authority (DNPA) published a spiral bound diary to commemorate their fortieth anniversary (1951-1991), called “The Dartmoor Diary”.
Inspired by this publication (and some of the entries in it) and to celebrate the DNPA 70
th anniversary year in 2021, the “Dartmoor Explorations Calendar” records an event or story, complemented with photographs for each day of the year.
This page of the Dartmoor Explorations Calendar celebrates August on Dartmoor and its immediate borderlands.
1st August 1898: The Exeter, Teign Valley and Railway Bill was read for the 3rd time and passed by House of Commons. Royal assent was first given for the formation of the company 4 years earlier on 18th August 1894. The proposal was to connect Exeter with the already extant Teign Valley Railway, the first 10 miles would connect with that line at Lea Cross and from there an 8-mile branch line would terminate at Chagford. The above plan shows the proposal.
1st August 1898: The Exeter, Teign Valley and Railway Bill was read for the 3rd time and passed by House of Commons. Shortly after the creation of the company a Mr Lidstone, Engineer for Dickson’s the Contractors was of the opinion that: “The probability was that the Chagford branch would be opened up before the Exeter side of the line owing to the tunnelling required there. It was important that they should have easy communications with Exeter and this line would bring them within 17 miles of it, whereas now they had to travel 35 miles to it”. Can you imaging a line passing through the Teign Gorge via Dunsford, Steps Bridge, Clifford Bridge and Fingle Bridge !
1st August 1898: The Exeter, Teign Valley and Railway Bill was read for the 3rd time and passed by House of Commons. Discussions with GWR revealed they “were not willing to operate on the Chagford branch of the line, because they argued, they already carried passengers to Chagford via their horse drawn GWR bus service between Moretonhampstead station and Chagford, and they were not prepared to jeopardise that arrangement”. Source: https://www.edgeofthemoor.org/local-history The pictures above what a steam train might have looked like in the Teign Valley. However, in 1898, the Western Morning News reported that the Chagford section was intended to work “……….by means of electricity, the fast-flowing River Teign providing the motive power, and by this arrangement the charming scenery of the Valley will remain unimpaired by smoke and noise of an ordinary locomotive. Negotiations are in progress with the Elieson Electric Motor Company (makers of electric tram cars) which it is confidently believed will result in an Agreement to work the line upon terms favourable with the cost of working by steam, and the novelty of this system will no doubt attract many visitors, creating a large amount of traffic”.
1st August 1898: The Exeter, Teign Valley and Railway Bill was read for the 3rd time and passed by House of Commons. The proposal to abandon the Chagford branch and change the company name to Exeter & District Railway was approved when the cost of the 8 mile branchline was deemed too expensive. It required an Act of Parliament to authorise the abandonment of the Chagford line and to rename the company, both of which were granted. On 30th June 1903, the Exeter section of the line was opened for traffic and worked by the Great Western Railway. Looking at modern OS maps, it appears that this line joined up with the extant line which ran from Heathfield to Christow (via the Spara Bridge area).
2nd August 1875: The War Office established a permanent camp at Okehampton. The black and white pictures are all early 20th century (likely pre WW1) of the camp with background tors.
2nd August 1875: The War Office established a permanent camp at Okehampton. The 2021 view is taken from the south east near Moorgate Farm.
2nd August 1875: The War Office established a permanent camp at Okehampton. Pictures were taken inside the camp in June 2021. An interesting name (Wendy House) at the entrance.
3rd August 1887: On this date, there was an official opening ceremony of Great Week Consols Tin Mines. As recorded on the Legendary Dartmoor website: “The mine was bedecked with bunting, flags and evergreenery along with a huge banner at the entrance to the mine stating; “ Success to the Great Week Consols Tin Mines.” The official opening ceremony was attended by the directors and shareholders of the mine, the workers and numerous people from Chagford and the surrounding area”.
3rd August 1887: On this date, there was an official opening ceremony of Great Week Consols Tin Mines. Hamilton Jenkin described the openwork thus: “ The main stockwork stands a short distance SW of the hamlet of Great Week and is of impressive size being 30 to 40ft deep and approximately 50ft wide. From the bottom of this now tree-lined avenue the ore body was followed down on the northerly underlie in Lydia’s Shaft to a depth of 24 fathoms below the 12 fathom adit, the latter having been driven by the old men through almost the entire length of the sett. A second shaft, 65 yards SW of Lydia’s reached only to adit level.” As can be seen from the previous photograph there was also a tramway running a short distance from Lydia’s shaft. Today (pictures from June 2021), the openworks are bisected by a public footpath, however, the remains of a tramway do not appear extant. In a conversation with the occupant of Great Weeke Farm, the author was told Lydia shaft and the openworks were referred to as the “Goyle”, which is a term meaning ravine.
3rd August 1887: On this date, there was an official opening ceremony of Great Week Consols Tin Mines. Also from the Legendary Dartmoor website it was recorded that: “At precisely 1.00pm the machinery was started up and the audience of several hundred people watched the wheel and stamps in operation. At the time it was estimated that between 400 and 500 tons of ore was waiting to be crushed. Having set the mighty wheel in motion Mrs. Basch, a directors wife wished that it would be; “ a wheel of fortune; that there would be plenty of water to turn it and plenty of tin to crush.” The directors and their friends were then taken off to a “spacious tent” for lunch after which a clock was presented to Captain Maunder which had the following inscription; “Presented to Captain Maunder by the employees under him at the Great Week Consols Mine 1887.” Today, at Great Weeke Farm (note the added “e” in the name Weeke), there is what appears to be a double stamp granite block (shown to the author, with thanks by the current occupier of the farm).
4th August 1826: The Dartmoor Clapper Bridge was severely damaged when the East Dart rose to a great height following very heavy rainfall. Source: The Dartmoor Diary 1991 by DNP
5th August 1903: William Crossing series entitled ‘Present Day Life on Dartmoor’ first appeared in the Western Morning News. The series was later incorporated into Crossing’s Dartmoor Worker, which was first published in 1966 by David and Charles. Crossing was contracted to write 19 articles, but he added one more to make the round 20. They were published on a Wednesday and started on this date. The 20 topics were: The Farmer, The Moorman, The Labourer, The Newtake Wall Builder, Swaling, Peat Cutting, The Warrener, The Miner, The Quarryman, The Clay Labourer, Whortleberry Gathering, The Sportsman, Under Canvas, The Prison Officer, The Antiquary, The Artist, The Visitor, Coaching, The Guide and ‘In Along’ & ‘Out Auver’.
5th August 1903: William Crossing series entitled ‘Present Day Life on Dartmoor’ first appeared in the Western Morning News. On page 61 of Crossing’s Dartmoor Worker, there is a section on ‘Wistman’s Wood Warren’, where he describes rabbits being caught in nets which are 300 feet long. Accompanying the piece is the picture above (top left), which at one time was ‘The Cabin of the Warrener’. The other picture and plan above can be found here: https://dartmoorexplorations.co.uk/wistmans-warren/
5th August 1903: William Crossing series entitled ‘Present Day Life on Dartmoor’ first appeared in the Western Morning News. Crossing mentions Teign Head Farm (page 13 of Crossing’s Dartmoor Worker) as ‘lonely in the extreme’. He states that apart from Summer, the farm received no visitors. He further describes the appearance of the foxhounds or harriers were the one thing that would break the monotony of their (the occupants) existence.
6th August: “O’er Hill” (Chagford), which is one of the open fields for those holding common grazing rights for cattle, sheep and poultry has its gates unlocked until 6th November. Source : Chagford History Society, mMore information can be found here: https://www.chagfordlocalhistorysociety.org.uk/commons-4/
6th August: “O’er Hill” (Chagford), has its gates unlocked until 6th November. The Chagford History Society website mentions 6th August, but the date on the gate states 4th August (to 4th November). The gate is where the town leat enters the field (which then runs around the edge of it).
7th August 1895: On this date the 2nd battalion of the Devonshire Regiment completed day one of a march across Devon on their way to a new station in South Wales. They had marched from Plymouth to Yennadon Down (pictures) where they camped. Source: Legendary Dartmoor website, where it is further stated: “The regiment was under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel D. T. Kinder along with 17 other officers. Eight companies of the regiment were on the march totaling 720 men…….they reached Barnstaple on the 15th where after an overnight stay they were to embark on a steamer heading for Pembroke Dock”. https://www.legendarydartmoor.co.uk/regimental-march.htm
7th August 1886: It was recorded on this date that the flow of water at Skaigh waterwheel was 4.5 revs per minute. The waterwheel was part of Belstone Consols and was around 70ft in diameter (just over 21m). It was erected to drain Great Copper Hill Mine sometime around 1878. The wheel pit (wheel house) in which the wheel turned can be found just below Higher Sticklepath (Skaigh Lodge). It is recorded that the wheel was painted bright red and was an “object of such terror to horses that it was almost impossible to ride or drive them past it”. The wheel pit can be located at SX63267 93914.
8th August 1528: On this date a 40-year lease of Reddaford (Redford) was granted to Mawtilde Taverner, widow, and her son John. Source: REDDAFORD FARM, WILLSWORTHY, PETER TAVY – an archaeological and historical survey by Tom Greeves, MA, PhD from 2007
8th August 1528: On this date a 40-year lease of Reddaford (Redford) was granted to Mawtilde Taverner, widow, and her son John. The lease also included Lanehead, (which is next to the car park used by hikers today). The two farms seem frequently to have been linked together and are approx 1km apart.
9th August 1961: Member of Dartmoor Rambling Club injured at Lints Tor. The rambler received a serious hand injury, which required hospital treatment, when a piece of rock weighing about a hundredweight fell from the fractured face of Lints Tor.
9th August 1961: Member of Dartmoor Rambling Club injured at Lints Tor. The rock which injured the rambler when it fell from the fractured face of the tor had been used by the Army as a target.
10th August 1310: Under the patronage of Bishop Walter Stapledon of Exeter, a fair charter called St. Lawrence’s Feast Day was obtained for Ashburton. Four years later (as indicated by the sign in the picture), the chantry (Chapel of St. Lawrence) was given to Ashburton.
11th August 1789: John Andrews became the first known visitor to be guided to Cranmere Pool, which was 65 years before James Perrott placed a bottle there in 1854 for visitors to place their calling cards. Picture 1 is the Prince of Wales being guided to the site in 1921. Picture 2 was taken at the opening of the “new’ cairn on Saturday 8th May 1937 by Ruth E. St Ledger-Gordon. Aubrey Tucker (an ex-tin miner from Sticklepath was commissioned to build the cairn. He obtained the granite for the structure from Belstone Tors. Amongst the guests there were Beatrice Chase. However, Richard Hansford-Worth had declined his invitation. Picture 3 is the site dated from 1905.
12th August 1762: Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt was born. He was elected to Parliament as MP for Okehampton in 1796. He spent the next twenty years working to cultivate and populate the ‘wasteland’ of Dartmoor. Tyrwhitt’s achievements include building several roads across the moor, the creation of Prince’s Town, in honour of the Prince of Wales. He persuaded the government to erect a prison at Prince’s Town (completed in 1809) to house prisoners-of-war captured during the Napoleonic Wars. He was also responsible for the railway line that opened in 1823, which ran from Prince’s Town to Plymouth. In 1812 Tyrwhitt was appointed Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod and received a knighthood.
12th August 1762: Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt was born. There is a memorial to him in St. Michael and All Angels Church on the north wall. The motto on the memorial says ‘me. stante. virebunt’ which translates as ‘ While I stand they will flourish‘.
13th August 1985: Marchants Cross was re-erected following repairs by the National Parks Authority stone mason. The cross had been severely damaged in November 1984, when it was struck by a trailer. Use was made of Robert Burnard’s pictorial records from 1891 and TDA (Transaction of Devonshire Association) records from 1938 to replace the cross in the correct position. Source: The Dartmoor Diary 1991 by DNP.
13th August 1985: Marchants Cross was re-erected following repairs by the National Parks Authority stone mason. The shaft is 2.43m from the socket stone, which is exactly the same height as before. In the mid-20th century it was supposed that the cross was Smallacumbacrosse mentioned on a Buckland Abbey charter. Its site close to the foot of Smallacombe and its proximity to the ford across the Meavy, convinced William Crossing of this authenticity.
13th August 1850: The South Brent peat and peat charcoal works established at Shipley Bridge was dissolved. It was established by Leyson Hopkin Day and William Wilkins of Totnes. The pictures are the inside and outside of the Naptha Works (extraction from the peat), which became a “thickening” tank, when it was re-purposed in 1872 when used by the Brent Moor Clay Company.
13th August 1850: The South Brent peat and peat charcoal works established at Shipley Bridge was dissolved. The pictures are from the Zeal Tor Tramway, which was built to transport the peat from the Red Lake area, some 3 miles from Shipley Bridge. The tramway was horsedrawn and had granite sleepers and wooden rails, where one survives today as can be seen in the photograph.
14th August 1910: A severe thunderstorm hit SW Dartmoor and it was observed that at one point the lightning was almost continuous. One observer at Whitchurch counted over 700 flashes in 40 minutes. Source: DNP diary 1991. The pictures are of ponies by the pimple and Whitchurch Down Cross, which was a waymarker used by monks on their journeys to the Tavistock Abbey from both the Buckfast Abbey, via the Monks’ Path and from Plympton Priory.
15th August 1941: RAF Harrowbeer was officially opened on this date. intriguingly, the name ‘Harrowbeer’ was chosen in order to distinguish the potential name of RAF Yelverton from the similar-sounding RNAS Yeovilton. The airfield was under the control of No 10 Group RAF but was never assigned a station badge.
15th August 1941: RAF Harrowbeer was officially opened on this date. Rubble from the Plymouth blitz was transported to Yelverton to form part of the hard core for the new runways. Also, rock from local quarries was used to form the base for runways and new roads in the area. The shops in Yelverton itself were reduced to single storey buildings to reduce the risk to low flying aircraft. Several roads were diverted and new ones built with a number of properties near to Leg O’ Mutton being demolished. It was at this point, the present roundabout was installed.
15th August 1941: RAF Harrowbeer was officially opened on this date. In 1981, for the fortieth anniversary of the opening of the station, a granite memorial was erected at Harrowbeer, near the Leg of Mutton, as a tribute to all who served there. It reads: RAF Harrowbeer Operational 1941-1949 From this station flew pilots of many Commonwealth and Allied Countries, including Britain, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Poland and the United States of America. With the support of their ground crews and Airfield Defence units. This stone is in memory of all those who served here. And especially those who gave their lives. Many local residents helped build and maintain this airfield. Unveiled by the first Station Commander, Group Captain the Honourable E.F.Ward, On the 15th, August 1981, the fortieth anniversary of the opening of the Station.
15th August 1941: RAF Harrowbeer was officially opened on this date. The picture shows a air raid shelter, which was (re) opened in July 2011 by the RAF Harrowbeer interest group. It can be found near the Knightstone restaurant / tea room, which was the Control Tower / Watch Office. The dedicated website for the station is worth looking at: http://www.rafharrowbeer.co.uk/
16th August 1976: Upper Merrivale tin blowing and stamping mills, 750m north of Shillapark first registered on Historic England website. The list entry number is 1020039. The entry states: “The monument includes a tin blowing mill, two stamping mills and dressing floors lying adjacent to the River Walkham. The blowing mill is of drystone construction with the wall standing up to 1.2m high. The interior of the mill measures 11.1m by up to 4.5m and access to it was through a clearly defined doorway in the eastern wall. A mould stone sits next to and north of the doorway. West of the mould stone and adjacent to the western wall of the mill is a stone edged rectangular structure which represents a pit in which tin was probably washed prior to smelting. In the northern part of the building is a recess which would have held the bellows that provided the air blast for the furnace. The bellows were powered by a water wheel sitting in the wheelpit attached to the eastern wall of the mill. The water for the wheel was carried to the site in a leat leading from the River Walkham and stored in a small reservoir immediately above the mill building”.
16th August 1976: Upper Merrivale tin blowing and stamping mills, 750m north of Shillapark first registered on Historic England website. The record on the database further states: “The north western stamping mill lies on the site of the later blowing mill and was identified during excavations carried out by the Dartmoor Tin Working Research Group over five seasons from 1991. During this excavation, evidence for a channel leading from a stamps pit below the later furnace was recovered. It was not possible to establish the precise character of the building associated with this mill because the structures in this area had clearly been remodelled when the later blowing mill was constructed. Excavations within the blowing mill revealed a well-preserved furnace, which has since been removed, post holes that had supported the bellows, large numbers of mortar stones, and considerable quantities of slag and ceramic material”.
17th August 1930: Edward James (Ted) Hughes was born on this date. He was an English poet, translator, and children’s writer. He was appointed Poet Laureate in 1984 and held the office until his death in 1998. He had moved to North Devon in 1961. Before he died, Ted Hughes requested that a granite stone be engraved with his name and placed at his favourite spot on Dartmoor. In accordance with his wishes, a slab of Dartmoor granite was duly inscribed and sited near the rising of the Taw, East Dart, East Okement and North Teign rivers. The stone was airlifted into place in 2001, following special permission from the landowners, the Duchy of Cornwall. English Nature and the Dartmoor National Park Authority also gave permission.
17th August 1917: Extreme flash flooding of Red-a-Ven Brook was observed by R.H. Worth. Source: DNP Dartmoor Diary 1991
17th August 1917: Extreme flash flooding of East Okement (as well as Red-a-Ven Brook) was observed by R.H. Worth. Source: DNP Dartmoor Diary 1991
18th August 1967: Dartmoor Mission Hall. A quote from the Tavistock Times on this date stated, “The National Park have always wanted to pull it (the Mission Hall) down. It was in a deplorable condition and was no use to anyone”. The last occupants were Tom Hext and his family when the hall closed in 1940. American soldiers stationed at Foggintor used the chapel for a brief period. Miss Kathleen Hext moved out in December 1966, after her father passed away.
18th August 1967: Dartmoor Mission Hall. A quote from the Tavistock Times on this date stated, “The National Park have always wanted to pull it (the Mission Hall) down. The Dartmoor Mission Hall ruins can still be seen (opposite the Yellowmead Track), which was marked as a school on the 1888-1913 OS map. In 1895, there were about 60 children in the area not receiving any schooling, so it was decided that the Dartmoor Mission Hall for undenominational worship, which had been built in 1887 was to be used. The rent was £5 per year. The school at Foggintor (Wesleyan Chapel) was closed at this time. The Mission Hall had a spring and had 3 stone and corrugated iron roofed closets at the back. It was a stone and plastered building with a slate roof. There was also a stone and corrugated iron roof wash house and shed.
18th August 2000: The “last of the old men” (tin miner Gilbert Warne) passed away on this date. The term ‘old men’ was the title which miners of the modern era used to describe the tinners of ancient times (source DTRG). Gilbert Warne worked at Golden Dagger and in Tom Greeves book “Tin Mines and Miners of Dartmoor” (a photographic record) can be seen in plate 66 outside Dinah’s House and in plate 69 with a work party whilst repairing a mine leat.
18th August 2000: The “last of the old men” (tin miner Gilbert Warne) passed away on this date. His passing was described as “The last fragile link with the tin mining past”. An obituary was published in a DTRG Newsletter.
19th August 1807: French Officers, residing on ‘parole’ as prisoners of war, assembled at Cross Tree in Moretonhampstead with their band of music. Source: DNP diary 1991. The tree found at the location today is, of course a relatively new one. The tree at the location in the 19th century was rather large with a fabulous canopy.
20th August 1260: Parishioners from the former Lydford Parish petitioned the Bishop of Exon (Exeter). Because of the large distances involved in the former Lydford Parish, the petition to Walter the Bishop of Exon was made and in response with the patrons on this day he ordered that the inhabitants of ‘Balbeny’ (Babeny) and ‘Pushil’ (Pizwell), known as the ‘two villages of the moor’ should resort to ‘Whitcombe’ (Widecombe) church. The pictures are of Babeny Farm.
20th August 1260: Parishioners from the former Lydford Parish petitioned the Bishop of Exon (Exeter). Walter, the Bishop of Exon, stated in regard of distance from Lydford that it was ‘eight miles in fair and fifteen miles in foul weather’. For Babeny and Pizwell being able to resort to Widecombe, for such privileges they were instructed that they ‘should pay their tythe lambs and three parts of the offerings to the parson of Whitcombe, and all other tythes to their mother church’. The pictures are of Pizwell Farm.
20 Miss Amy Satterly, an Ashburton photographer was born. She was born to John and Elizabeth and she grew up initially in North Street then in later life moved to Vealenia Terrace, Ashburton. She tried her hand at being a milliner initially but due to ill health she couldn’t get on with it. It was when she was taught photography (by a James Amery) that her career took off. th August 1881:
20 Miss Amy Satterly, an Ashburton photographer was born. She learnt to take photographs (and then develop them) with regular visits to Druid Mine (a small copper mine which had been operational from 1852 to 1872). It can be found just to the north of Ashburton. She met Sabine Baring-Gould on a few occasions at the mine. th August 1881:
20 Miss Amy Satterly, an Ashburton photographer was born. The picture is one of her portraits of a family on a day out at Buckland Beacon from 1902, which has been superimposed onto a 2021 backdrop. The view is looking towards Welstor with Buckland Beacon behind the camera. th August 1881:
20 Miss Amy Satterly, an Ashburton photographer was born. The picture is one of her compositions from 1906 of Widecombe Church Tower (St. Pancras) alongside a 2021 composition. th August 1881:
21st August 1942: A Short Stirling Bomber crashed at Gibhill Wood near Lutton with the loss of all crew. The mission had taken off from Lakenheath, Suffolk the evening of 20th on a mine laying mission in the Gironde estuary off La Rochelle. On their return it is speculated that in poor visibility they were hit by ‘friendly fire’ over Plymouth. The polished granite memorial was erected in April 2011 and can be located at SX59433 59876. Source of information taken from “Dartmoor Air Crashes” by Robert Jones.
21st August 1942: A Short Stirling Bomber crashed at Gibhill Wood near Lutton. The crash site is 200m from Gibhill Cottages (bottom right picture). The RAF recovery team that went to Gibhill Wood carved a simple cross into a tree close to the crash site, a fitting memorial which can still be seen today – see picture on left. The carved cross is on one of the trees in the background of the picture of the granite memorial in the top right picture above but facing in the opposite direction, so cannot be seen directly from the granite memorial.
22nd August 1833: George Shillibeer, the first person to be appointed as Superintendent of Plymouth Leat died on this date. He is buried in St Leonards Church, Sheepstor, along with other members of the Shillibeer family.
22nd August 1833: George Shillibeer, the first person to be appointed as Superintendent of Plymouth Leat died on this date. His gravestone is engraved: “Here lies the body of GEORGE SHILLIBEER a worthy and respectable yeoman of this parish, who died 22nd of August 1833, aged 75 years. This tablet is erected by the Mayor and Commonality of the Borough of Plymouth as a token of respect to the memory of the deceased who for upwards of the last 40 years of his life had been the faithful and indefatigable agent and superintendent of their water leat and the banks thereof from the Head Weir so far as Jump”. NOTE that Jump is the original name for Roborough.
22nd August 1833: George Shillibeer, the first person to be appointed as Superintendent of Plymouth Leat died on this date. Following his death George Shillibeer was succeeded in turn by his son William Shillibeer (1788-1869), Amos Shillibeer (1849-1939), George Shillibeer (1874-1944) and finally William Harold Shillibeer (1882-1948). The grave of William Shillibeer is next to that of George Shillibeer at St. Leonards. William looked after the leat for 36 years after his father.
23rd August 2004: The Lydford High Down clam bridge was dislodged after heavy rains. The picture shows the aftermath. Reference: Dartmoor Magazine 77 (Winter 2004).
23rd August 2004: The Lydford High Down clam bridge was dislodged after heavy rains. The pictures show a scene of serenity after a long dry period in May 2021. At the time of the heavy rains there was also much devastation further up the river towards the Rattlebrook Peat railway and well as on the railway track itself.
24th August 1986: On this date a management agreement was signed and legally concluded to conserve the landscape, ecological and archaeological values of Hanger Down and to give the public the right of access over the Down in perpetuity. Source: The Dartmoor Diary 1991 by DNP
25th August 1932: The Abbey Church was consecrated at Buckfast. After 25 years, all but the upper section of the tower had been completed. Cardinal Bourne was chosen by the Pope as his representative. On the designated day there were also five Archbishops, sixteen Bishops, thirty Abbots and many priests. The church was full to capacity and thousands heard the service outside, where loud speakers had been installed. The service was also broadcast by the B.B.C. Source: buckfast.org.uk/history
26th August 1963: Two tank turrets, weighing nearly 15 tons, were towed away from the old Hensroost tin mine. Source: The Dartmoor Diary 1991 by DNP. The series of pictures are the foundations of mine captains house, mine office, miners dry, dormitory and blacksmith shop next to Down Ridge track. SX65656 71106
26th August 1963: Two tank turrets, weighing nearly 15 tons, were towed away from the old Hensroost tin mine. The pictures of the ruin (with steps) at SX65731 71179, is the Iron House. It was wood covered and covered in galvanised iron. Some miners slept here and had their meals. The carpenters shop was just a few 10’s of metres away at SX6570 7113 (not in pictures).
27th August 1940: A Dornier Do17P photo reconnaissance aircraft crashed at Hurdwick Farm, near Tavistock. The aircraft (nicknamed the “Flying Pencil” because of its slim fuselage) had been identified 100 miles before it reached Plymouth by an operator at RAF Hawks Tor, where a Chain Home system (a forerunner to radar) was located. It was shot down by two Hurricanes (from St. Eval, Padstow), who had been scrambled to intercept it. The three crew survived. Source: Dartmoor Air Crashes – Aircraft lost in World War Two by Robert Jones
27th August 1940: A Dornier Do17P photo reconnaissance aircraft crashed at Hurdwick Farm, near Tavistock. Ted Kerswill, a builder was first on the scene. He noted the three crew were injured, battered and bloodied and in need of help. He took a pistol off the pilot and led the three to the farmhouse, where Mrs Bickle (the farmers wife) made them tea, whilst they waited for the police to arrive from Tavistock. As a postscript, ‘Mindy’ Blake the Hurricane leader, turned up at the farm not once but twice to view his marksmanship. The German crew remained as POWs for the rest of the war.
28th August 1886: Robert Burnard and David Roy tested the depth of ‘Clazenwell Pool’ (Crazywell Pool). It was allegedly bottomless and using an elaborate combination of a stout clothes line, two timber uprights, a block carry and a deep sea weighted with a leaden sinker of four and a half pounds (just over 2kg). Over 40 ‘soundings’ were made and the greatest depth obtained in this old mine working were between 15 and 20 feet (4.6m – 6m). Source: The Dartmoor Diary 1991 by DNP.
29th August 1956: A Burial chamber on Blackslade Down was first registered on the Historic England database. The registration number is 1003285. On the database the description starts thus: ‘This monument includes a round cairn and cist situated on Blackslade Down overlooking the valley of the East Webburn River. The cairn survives as a circular stony mound up to 10m in diameter and 0.5m high with a 6.5m diameter stone kerb and part of a second kerb close to the edge of the mound. Within the mound is a rectangular stone lined cist measuring 1m long, 0.7m wide and 0.4m deep, with no capstone’.
29th August 1956: A Burial chamber on Blackslade Down was first registered on the Historic England database. The description on the database concludes: ‘The interior was examined in 1871 by the Parson of Widecombe who found some charcoal and a few fragments of pottery. A low spread mound to the north and east represents spoil removed during the excavation.’ It can be located at SX73409 75508
29th August 1956: Hut circle at Tunhill Rocks was first registered on the Historic England database. It is marked as ‘homestead’ on the modern OS Map. The registration number is 1003286. On the database the description starts thus: ‘This monument includes two enclosed stone hut circles situated on the eastern side of Tunhill Rocks, overlooking the valley of the East Webburn River and forming part of the Rippon Tor coaxial field system. The settlement survives as a D-shaped enclosure measuring 26m long by 20m wide defined by stone and earth banks abutting Tunhill Rocks and part of a reave. Within the enclosure are two stone hut circles. The eastern hut circle survives as a double orthostatic wall surrounding a circular internal area. The interior measures 7m in diameter and is defined by a wall standing up to 1.5m wide and 0.5m high. The western hut circle is rectangular in plan and measures up to 3m long by 2m wide internally. It is defined by a rubble coursed wall measuring up to 0.7m wide’.
29th August 1956: Hut circle at Tunhill Rocks was first registered on the Historic England database. The description on the database concludes: ‘Both hut circles were excavated in 1896 and this revealed both to have south facing doorways. Finds included parts of a thick walled decorated and much used cooking pot, a drinking vessel, a flint scraper and flakes, charcoal and a piece of slate’.
30th August 1995: TA stone re-erected by DNPA on this date. (Source: Dartmoor Magazine issue 44, Autumn 1996). This gatepost was formerly used to mark old packhorse track over the moor from Tavistock to Ashburton. It is inscribed with letter T on one face and with letter A on opposite face. The stone was first erected in 1699. John Bishops House (aka Lower Swincombe Farm) can also be seen in this photograph.
30th August 1995: TA stone re-erected by DNPA on this date. Close up of the TA gatepost. “T” on the north face and “A” on the south side. It can be located at SX63987 72510
31st August 1963: The Tor Bus Company , a family run company ceased to operate after 45 years. The reason was blamed on the increasing number of private motor cars which made the service uneconomical. The service ran between Widecombe-in-the-Moor (bottom right), Hay Tor (top right), Liverton (bottom left is old Liverton), Ilsington (middle and top left) and Newton Abbot.
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